WHAT IS MARIJUANA?
Marijuana comes from the plant Cannabis Sativa. The key ingredient in marijuana is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), when smoked or ingested causes a powerful high.
Commonly referred to as pakalolo, pot, weed, grass, maui-wowie, blunt, J, ganja, mary Jane, doobie, herbs, buds etc.
MARIJUANA IN HAWAII
- In 2014, more than 22.2 million people in the U.S. have reported using marijuana in the past month, making it the most used illicit drug.
- Marijuana was the primary substance used at the time of admission for the majority of adolecents (62.4%) in 2012.
The 2013 Youth Risk Behaviors Hawaii School Health Survey reports Hawaii High School students:
- 10.4% have tried marijuana for the first time before age 13
- 18.5% have used marijuana in the past 30 days
- 7.5% have used marijuana on school property in the past 30 days
- Marijuana can be addictive
- High doses can cause panic and psychosis
- Regular use can cause depression
- Increased risk of asthma, bronchitis and emphysema
- Reduces ability to learn and retain information
- Interferes with brain function: impairs perception, judgement of speed and time, motor function and short-term/long-term memory capacity.
- After smoking 1 joint, 10-20% of the drug (THC) attaches to body fat for up to 30 days. Traces of THC can be found up to 4 ½ months after stopping habitual use.
- Marijuana smoke has 50-70% more carcinogens (cancer causes toxins) and tar than tobacco smoke.
- Recreational marijuana is illegal in Hawaii State
- Medical marijuana is legal for persons with qualifying illnesses such as terminal cancers. Persons seeking medical marijuana must obtain a doctor’s recommendation and register with the State Department of Public Safety to avoid criminal prosecution under state law.
- Marijuana is federally illegal in the United States. Federal law trumps state law.
Sources: State Department of Health Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division 2007 Hawaii Student Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use Study; The Honolulu Police Department Narcotics/Vice Division; The State Department of Health/Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division (DOH/ADAD) Client Data System Admissions FY 2002; Community Epidemiological Work Group 12/00; NIDA Marijuana: Facts for Teens, Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse, 2011; Attorney General’s Hawaii Drug Offense Arrests, 1998- 2003; ONDCP’s Street Terms: Drugs and the Drug Trade, “http://whitehousedrugpolicy.gov.” Client Data System Admission Data (Excluding Social Detox) 1999, www.samhsa.gov/oas/NHSDA/2002; www.honolulupd.org, and the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), http://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/dmas/Hawaii_DMA-2011(U).pdf, Streetdrugs 2013.