What is cocaine?
Cocaine is an illegal, powerfully addictive, stimulant drug that is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America.
Commonly referred to as: coke, blow, snow, crack, rocks, flake, bolo
how is cocaine used?
- Cocaine can be snorted, injected and smoked.
- Pure cocaine or cocaine hydrochloride resembles a white crystalline powder. It is typically snorted or converted into liquid and injected into the bloodstream.
- The crack or freebase cocaine form is typically smoked – commonly referred to as “rocks”.
cocaine in hawaii
- In 2015, 5.7% of Hawai'i high school students have used any form of cocaine at least once in their lifetime
- Increased blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Paranoia & Anxiety
- Severe mood swings
- Decreased appetite
- Mental illness
- Heart attack, stroke
- Respiratory failure
- Liver, kidney and lung damage
- Cocaine is considered a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970
- Schedule II drugs are considered the DEA to have a high abuse potential with possible physical and psychic dependence
- Crack cocaine and powder cocaine offenses are prosecuted differently; individuals found guilty of crack cocaine possession or use are sentenced more harshly than those guilty of similar crimes involving powder cocaine.
Sources: Honolulu Police Department Narcotics/Vice Division 2007; Hawaii HIDTA 2011; YRBSS 2011; ADAD 2008; DEA 2008; NDIC 2010.