Alcohol

what is alcohol

Alcohol is a liquid depressant that is consumed in the form of beer, wine, liquor or alcopops. Alcohol is a mood altering drug that is legal for adults 21+ to purchase.

ALCOHOL IN HAWAII

State of Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2014:

  • 20% of Hawaii population state Binge drinking at least once in the past 30 days (men having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, women having 4 or more drinks on one occasion) 
  • Youth ages 12-24 past-month alcohol use: 25% of 36,000 responses
  • Youth ages 12-24 past-month binge alcohol use 17% of 24,000 responses
  • Hawaii Alcohol-Attributable Deaths (under 21) = 12
  • Hawaii State Profile and Underage Drinking Facts
    • State Population: 1,374,810
    • Population Ages 12–20: 146,000
  • 88,000 deaths are annually attributed to excessive alcohol use in the United States. (CDC)

HEALTH RISKS

  • Liver disease
  • Increased risk of cancers
  • Muscle impairments
  • High blood pressure
  • Malnutrition
  • Irritation & inflammation of digestive track/system
  • Poor skin, hair and nails
  • Brain damage
  • Signs & Symptoms:
  • Increased risky behavior
  • Impaired balance, coordination and judgement
  • Slurred speech, confusion
  • Slower reactions
  • Unexpected behavior change (violent, paranoid, hyper emotional)
  • Drowsiness, nausea, vomiting
  • At risk to alcohol poisoning or blacking out
  • Women who drink during pregnancy risk giving birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

LEGAL PENALTIES

  • It is illegal in Hawaii to drive with a Blood Alcohol Level (BAC) of 0.08 or higher – will be charged with a DUI (driving under the influence).
  • In Hawaii, a BAC of 0.15 or higher will be charged as a “highly intoxicated driver”.
  • Every day, almost 30 people in the United States die in motor vehicle crashes that involve an alcohol-impaired driver. This amounts to one death every 51 minutes. (CDC)
  • Teen alcohol use kills 4,700 people each year — that’s more than all illegal drugs combined. (MADD)

Sources: Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Honolulu Advertiser; Dontdiedrunk.org; NIAAA Data & Statistics; ADAD Client Data System Admissions; stopalcoholabuse.gov; health.hawaii.gov/brfss/files/2015; drinkinganddriv-ing.org; MedlinePlus Alcoholism; Standarddrinks.com; Abovetheinfluence.com; Alcoholalert.com; Centurycouncil.org; MADD.